This bani is written by the third Guru, Guru Amar Das ji, in ‘Ramkali’ raga (musical tune). It has a total of 40 pauris (stanzas). Traditionally, only the first five pauris and the last pauri are recited at the closing ceremony, before Ardas.
The word “Anand” means happiness or ‘to rejoice’. In this bani, ‘anand’ is referred to as ‘spiritual bliss’, a mystical experience attained through absorption in Nam or Simran. In Anand Saheb, Guru Amar Das ji emphasizes that the experience of ‘anand’ comes through meeting with the true Guru and fully absorbing and acting upon his teachings. Bani is the Guru. The effect of ‘Maya’ or worldly evils (such as kam-lust, krodh-anger, lobh-greed, moh-attachment, ahankar-ego) is gradually reduced and finally eliminated when a person molds his/her life according to the teachings of Gurbani. This makes a person worthy of Guru’s grace. With Guru’s grace, longing for Nam Simran is produced in the person’s heart and with Nam Simran comes ‘anand’ – the mystical experience Guru Amar Das ji has talked about in this bani. This mystical experience cannot be described in words, it can only be experienced.
Guru ji says that the longing for ‘anand’ is universal, but it actually comes to a very few who are blessed with the Guru’s grace. In the last pauris, Guru Amar Das ji says that anand is liberation from all suffering. It brings complete fulfillment, and is realized by meditating on the Divine word or Nam Simran.
This is a good opportunity to memorize Gurbani, one Pauri at a time. You can concentrate better and enjoy more if you recite bani without looking at the gutka.
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DID YOU KNOW
AADI GRANTH AND DASAM GRANTH
Guru Gobind Singh ji, before passing away, gave Guruship to Guru Granth Saheb, also called Aadi Granth” (Aadi means the first).
Guru Gobind Singh ji included the bani (writings) of the 9th Guru, Guru Teg Bahadur ji, in Guru Granth Saheb, which was originally compiled by Guru Arjan dev ji (the 5th guru).
None of Guru Gobind Singh ji’s writings are included in Guru Granth Saheb. His bani (writings) are included in a separate Granth called Dasam Granth (Dasam means tenth).
Two of the five banis included in our Nitnem (the daily prayers) are written by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. These are Jaap Saheb and ten Saweyeas. Chopaee Saheb, which is included in Rehras Saheb, is also written by Guru Gobind Singh ji.
DID YOU KNOW
JO JEE HOE SO UGVAE MOH KA KEHAA VAO, BEEJE BIKH MANGAE AMRIT VEKHO EHO NIAO (SGGS-Asa Di Waar)
[Your thoughts become your words, (your words become your deeds). Doing evil and expecting goodness in return – what kind of a justice is that (you reap what you sow). ]