The Ardas starts with a ‘vaar’ or verse called ‘Bhagauti Ki Vaar’ composed by Guru Gobind Singh ji. This vaar is written in Dasam Granth – the holy book containing the compositions of the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh ji. The format of Ardas has evolved over many years. After Bhagauti ki Vaar, the remaining wording of the current Ardas was decided by a joint body of Sikh Scholars in 1932-33 and was published by SGPC (Shiromini Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee – organization that manages the Sikh Gurdwaras).
IK OANKAAR, WAHEGURU JI KI FATEH
One Supreme Creator, victory belongs to God
ik: one, unique, oankaar: combination of two words, oam and kaar, oam means Supreme, kaar means creator, onkaar means Supreme Creator or God, Wahe: wondrous, amazing, guru: a combination of two words, ‘gu’ and ‘ru’, ‘gu’ means destroyer, ‘ru’ means darkness, implies ignorance, Waheguru: wondrous destroyer of ignorance, God, fateh: victory.
SRI BHAGAUTI JI SAHAAE
May the Almighty God protect us.
sri: revered, used for respect, bhagauti: sword, signifies power, refers to Almighty God, sahaae: help, protect, rescue
VAAR SRI BHAGAUTI JI KI, PATSHAHI DASVEEN
Song of praises of the Almighty God, composed by the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh ji.
vaar: song of praises, patshah: king, master, patshahi dasveen: tenth master.
PRATHAM BHGAUTI SIMAR KAE, GUR NANAK LAEE DHIAAE
After first remembering the Almighty God, contemplate on (the teachings of) Guru Nanak.
pratham: first, bhagauti: Almighty God, simar: remember with devotion, laee dhiaae: think of, contemplate.
PHIR ANGAD GUR TE AMAR DAS, RAMDASAE HOE SAHAE
Then (prey that) Guru Angad Dev ji, Guru Amar Das ji, and Guru Ram Das ji be our rescuers.
phir: then, Angad gur: Guru Angad Dev ji (the second Guru), te: and, Amardas:, Guru Amar Das ji (the third Guru), Ramdasae: to Guru Ram Das ji (the fourth Guru), hoe sahaae: be the rescuer.
ARJAN HARGOBIND NO, SIMRAO SIRI HAR RAE
Remember with devotion Guru Arjan Dev ji, Guru Hargobind ji, and Guru Har Rae ji
Arjan: Guru Arjan Dev ji (the fifth Guru), Hargobind: Guru Hargobind ji (the sixth Guru), simrao: remember with devotion, siri: revered, Har Rae: Guru Har Rae ji (the seventh Guru)
SIRI HARKISHAN DHIAAIAE, JIS DITHE SABH DUKH JAE
Meditate on Guru Harkishan ji, by whose sight (grace) all sorrows are destroyed.
Harkishan: Guru Harkishan ji (the eighth Guru), jis: whom, dithe: by seeing, sabh: all, dukh: sorrows, pains, jae: go away, destroyed.
TEG BAHADUR SIMARIAE, GHAR NAU NIDH AAVAE DHAE
Then contemplate on Guru Teg Bahadur ji, by remembering whom (following his teachings) all desires are fulfilled.
Teg Bahadur: Guru Teg Bahadur ji (the ninth Guru), simariae: remember, contemplate on, ghar: home, implies heart, signifies desires, nau nidh: nine treasures, implies all desires, aawae: come, implies ‘are fulfilled, dhae: hurrying, ghar nau nidh aawae dhae: literal meaning will be ‘all nine treasures come hurrying to ones home’, implies that all desires are fulfilled.
SABH THAAEE HOE SAHAAE
May (the Gurus) help us everywhere.
sabh: all, thaaee: places, hoe sahae: be the rescuer
The ‘Bhagauti Ki Vaar’ ends here. After this, we invoke the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh ji and Guru Granth Saheb ji.
DASVEN PATSHAH, SIRI GURU GOBIND SINGH JI, SABH THAAEE HOE SAHAAE
The tenth master, Guru Gibind Singh ji, help us everywher.
dasven: tenth, patshah: king, master
DASAAN PATSHAHIAAN DI JOT SIRI GURU GRANTH SAHEB JI DE PATH, DARSHAN DIDAAR DA THIAN DHAR KE BOLO JI WAHEGURU
Contemplate on (the teachings of) Guru Granth Saheb ji, who is the visible embodiment of the ten Gurus and say Waheguru.
jot: light, implies embodiment or personification, path: writings, darshan didaar: holy sight, dhiaan: contemplate, bolo: say.
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DID YOU KNOW
According to the current Rehat Maryada published by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC), every Sikh is expected to recite the following banis everyday:
Morning: Japji Saheb, Jaap Saheb, Ten Swayyas. Ardas is performed after reciting these banis.
Evening: Rehras Saheb and Ardas.
Night: Kirtan Sohela
- Written by Guru Nanak Dev Ji
- This is the first bani in Guru Granth Saheb, also called Adi Granth.
- This bani is not assigned to any Raga (most of the bani in Guru Granth Saheb is in various Ragas)
- Consists of mool mantra, 38 paurees, and a slok.
- This bani is recited in the morning before starting the daily routine.
- Written by Guru Gobind Singh ji
- This bani is not in the Adi Granth (Guru Granth Saheb ji). It is in Dasam Granth, which is a separate Granth (holy book) containing writings of Guru Gobind Singh ji only.
- This bani has 199 verses, which are written on the first ten pages of Dasam Granth.
- This bani is recited in the morning, before starting the daily routine, after Japji Saheb.
- Written by Guru Gobind Singh ji
- This bani is not in the Adi Granth (Guru Granth Saheb ji). It is in Dasam Granth.
- This bani has 10 verses, four lines each.
- This bani is recited in the morning, before starting the daily routine, after Jaap Saheb.
- A collection of nine hymns, four of which are written by Guru Nanak Dev ji, three by Guru Ram Das ji, and two by Guru Arjan Dev ji. These hymns follow Japji Saheb in the Adi Granth.
- Also includes Chopyee Saheb, one swayya, and one dohera by Guru Gobind Singh ji, six paurees of Anand Saheb (first five + the last) written by Guru Amar Das ji, and two hymns by Guru Arjan Dev ji.
- This bani is recited in the evening at sunset.
- A collection of five hymns, first three by Guru Nanak Dev ji, fourth by Guru Ram Das ji, and the last hymn is written by Guru Arjan Dev ji.
- All five hymns are from Adi Granth – Guru Granth Saheb ji.
- This bani is recited immediately before going to bed at night and also at funerals.
THOUGHT FOR THE DAY
KAHO NANK SACH DHIAEEAE, SUCH HOVAE TA SACH PAEEAE (SGGS-Asa Di Waar)
[Nanak says, meditate on the Divine Name (because) you can realize God only when your inside is (spiritually) clean (goodness cannot reside in an evil heart). ]