SOHILA – P3
RAAG DHANAASREE, MEHLA 1 (PEHLA)
This shabad is written by the first guru, Guru Nanak Dev ji in Raga named “Dhanaasree”
In this shabad, Guru Nanak Dev ji beautifully describes a cosmic Aarti (worship) where the whole nature is worshipping the Supreme Creator. In the Hindu traditional worship of gods and goddesses, called “Aarti”, the devotees take a large plate, place some lamps in it, put some precious stones and pearls, light the incense for fragrance, beat drums, and wave the plate in circles in front of a statue of the god or goddess several times and shower flowers. Guru ji describes the wonderful Aarti being performed continuously on a grand scale by the whole nature.
GAGAN MAI THAAL RAV CHAND DEEPAK BANE TAARIKAA MANDAL JANAK MOTEE.
(Waheguruji, the whole nature is worshipping You, what a wonderful Aarti is being performed on a grand scale), the whole sky is like the grand plate in which the Sun and the Moon are like two lamps, the clusters of stars are like pearls,
gagan: sky, mai: like, thaal: flate plate used to do Aarti (worship) in Hindu temples, rav: sun, chand: moon, deepak bane: are like lamps, taarika mandal: cluster of stars, janak moti: studded pearls.
DHOOP MAL-AANLO PAVAN CHAVRO KARE
The fragrant air coming from Malay mountains is like the incense, and the blowing wind is like the Cosmic Chavar.
Dhoop: incense, malaanlo: fragrance that comes from a mountain named ‘Maley’ that has trees of sandalwood with beautiful smell, pavan: wind, chavro: the fanning action done using a chavar as a sign of respect.
SAGAL BANRAA-EY FOOLANT JOTEE.
The whole vegetation is like showering flowers on You, O the Luminous One.
Sagal: all, banraaey: vegetation, foolant: offering flowers, jotee: source of (spiritual) illumination, God.
KAISEE AARTEE HO-EY, BHAV KHANDNAA TEREE AARTEE.
What a wonderful Aarti (worship) is being performed, O destroyer of the cycle of birth and death, this is Your real Aarti.
Kaisee: what kind, implies how wonderful, hoey: being performed, bhav: world, khandnaa: destroyer, implies provider of freedom, bhav khandana: provider of freedom from the world, implies freedom from the cycle of birth and death.
ANHATAA SABAD VAAJANT BHEREE. II RAHAA-O II
The continuous sound (of the heartbeat in all living beings) is like the drums being played in Your Aarti.
Anhataa: unstruck, continuous, sabad: sound, anhataa sabad: sound that plays on its own, refers to heartbeat that goes on without effort, vajant: being played, bheree: drum used in the aarti, rahaao: pause.
SAHAS TAV NAIN NAN NAIN HEH TOHE KA-O
Waheguruji, thousands of eyes of living beings in the world are all Your eyes (because You are present in all living beings), yet you have no eyes (You are formless)
Sahas: thousands, tav: yours, nain: eyes, nan: none, tohe kao: for you, attributed to you
SAHAS MOORAT NANAA EK TOHEE.
Thousands of forms in the world are all Yours, yet you have none (You are formless)
Moorat: forms, bodies, nanaa ek: not a single. Tohee: yours
SAHAS PAD BIMAL NAN EK PAD
Thousands of beautiful feet of living beings in the world are all Yours (because You are present in all of them), yet you have no feet (You are formless).
Pad: feet, bimal: without dirt, clean, beautiful.
GANDH BIN, SAHAS TAV GANDH, IV CHALAT MOHEE
Thousands of noses of living beings in the world are all Yours (because You are present in all living beings), yet you have no nose (You are formless). Waheguruji, this amazing phenomenon captivates me.
Gandh: nose, bin: without, iv: this, chalat: act, play, strange or miraculous acts, mohee: entrances me, captivates me.
SABH MEH JOT JOT HAI SO-EY, TIS DAI CHAANAN SABH MEH CHAANAN HO-EY.
The current of life flowing in all living beings is from the same Supreme Source of life (God), the light (power of thinking) illuminating in everyone is from the same eternal lighthouse (source of knowledge).
Sabh meh : in every one, jot: light, implies life, soey: that, implies that supreme source, God, tis dai: from that, chaanan: illumination, implies power of thinking or knowledge.
GUR SAAKHEE JOT PARGAT HO-EY.
But this knowledge (that the source of life is the same in every one, therefore, all human beings are equal) is revealed only by Guru’s teachings.
Gur saakhee: with guru’s teachings, jot: light, implies knowledge or understanding, pargat hoey: is revealed
JO TIS BHAAVAI SO AARTEE HO-EY.
Therefore, the real Aarti (worship) of the almighty God is to accept what pleases Him (accepting His Will is like worshipping Him)
Jo: whatever, tis: to Him, bhaavai: pleases, aartee: worship
HAR CHARAN KAVAL MAKRAND LOBHIT MANO, ANDINO MOHE AAHEE PI-AASAA.
Waheguru ji, my heart longs for Your Divine Name, every day I am thirsty (of the nectar of Your Name).
Har: God, charan: feet, kamal: lotus flower, makrand: essence of flower, har charan kaval makrand: essence of the lotus feet of God, implies taste of meditating on His Divine Name, lobhit: greedy, implies longing for, mano: mind, heart, andino: every day, mohe: to me, piaasaa: thirst
KIRPAA JAL DEH NAANAK SAARING KAO, HO-EY JAATE TERAI NAA-EY VAASAA.
Nanak says, Waheguru ji, I am craving for Your Name like a song bird craves for a drop of rain, bestow Your Grace upon me so that I remain absorbed in Your Divine Name.
Kirpaa: bless me, jal deh: give me drop of water, implies bestow Your Grace upon me, saarang: song bird that craves for a drop of rain, hoe jaate: remain, terai naaey: in Your Name, vaasaa: reside, implies absorbed.
DID YOU KNOW
According to the current Rehat Maryada published by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC), every Sikh is expected to recite the following banis everyday:
Morning: Japji Saheb, Jaap Saheb, Ten Swayyas. Ardas is performed after reciting these banis.
Evening: Rehras Saheb and Ardas.
Night: Kirtan Sohela
- Written by Guru Nanak Dev Ji
- This is the first bani in Guru Granth Saheb, also called Adi Granth.
- This bani is not assigned to any Raga (most of the bani in Guru Granth Saheb is in various Ragas)
- Consists of mool mantra, 38 paurees, and a slok.
- This bani is recited in the morning before starting the daily routine.
- Written by Guru Gobind Singh ji
- This bani is not in the Adi Granth (Guru Granth Saheb ji). It is in Dasam Granth, which is a separate Granth (holy book) containing writings of Guru Gobind Singh ji only.
- This bani has 199 verses, which are written on the first ten pages of Dasam Granth.
- This bani is recited in the morning, before starting the daily routine, after Japji Saheb.
- Written by Guru Gobind Singh ji
- This bani is not in the Adi Granth (Guru Granth Saheb ji). It is in Dasam Granth.
- This bani has 10 verses, four lines each.
- This bani is recited in the morning, before starting the daily routine, after Jaap Saheb.
- A collection of nine hymns, four of which are written by Guru Nanak Dev ji, three by Guru Ram Das ji, and two by Guru Arjan Dev ji. These hymns follow Japji Saheb in the Adi Granth.
- Also includes Chopyee Saheb, one swayya, and one dohera by Guru Gobind Singh ji, six paurees of Anand Saheb (first five + the last) written by Guru Amar Das ji, and two hymns by Guru Arjan Dev ji.
- This bani is recited in the evening at sunset.
- A collection of five hymns, first three by Guru Nanak Dev ji, fourth by Guru Ram Das ji, and the last hymn is written by Guru Arjan Dev ji.
- All five hymns are from Adi Granth – Guru Granth Saheb ji.
- This bani is recited immediately before going to bed at night and also at funerals
THOUGHT FOR THE DAY
KAHO NANK SACH DHIAEEAE, SUCH HOVAE TA SACH PAEEAE (SGGS-Asa Di Waar)
[Nanak says, meditate on the Divine Name (because) you can realize God only when your inside is (spiritually) clean (goodness cannot reside in an evil heart). ]