TAV PRASAAD SWAYYAS
This bani is a collection of ten verses, each called a Swayya. These Swayyas are written by Guru Gobind Singh ji and are included in the Dasam Granth, under the heading “Akal Ustat”, which means praises of God. ‘Tav Prasaad’ means ‘by Your Grace’ or by God’s Grace. This is one of the five banis of Nitnem (daily routine) that all Sikhs are supposed to recite every day. As part of Nitnem, these Swayyas are recited in the morning after Japji Saheb and Jaap Saheb. This is also one of the banis recited at the time Amrit is prepared for the baptism ceremony of the Sikhs.
This bani is written in a beautiful poetic language. It is a lyrical, but very compact composition. In these verses Guru Gobind Singh ji emphasizes that all the wealth, power and knowledge are worth nothing if one does not have true love and devotion for God and His creation. Even mighty kings and emperors with lot of wealth and power depart from this world leaving everything behind. Guru ji discredits the ritualistic religious practices such as fasting, pilgrimages, idol worship and self-punishment. He says that the whole world is entangled in false rituals, no one has realized the secret of attaining true happiness. At the end, Guru ji reveals this secret by saying ‘I am telling the truth, only those who are absorbed in true love and devotion for God can realize the eternal bliss’.
This is a good opportunity to memorize Gurbani, one Pauri at a time. You can concentrate better and enjoy more if you recite bani without looking at the gutka.
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DID YOU KNOW
According to the current Rehat Maryada published by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC), every Sikh is expected to recite the following banis everyday:
Morning: Japji Saheb, Jaap Saheb, Ten Swayyas. Ardas is performed after reciting these banis.
Evening: Rehras Saheb and Ardas.
Night: Kirtan Sohela
o Written by Guru Nanak Dev Ji
o This is the first bani in Guru Granth Saheb, also called Adi Granth.
o This bani is not assigned to any Raga (most of the bani in Guru Granth Saheb is in various Ragas)
o Consists of mool mantra, 38 paurees, and a slok.
o This bani is recited in the morning before starting the daily routine.
o Written by Guru Gobind Singh ji
o This bani is not in the Adi Granth (Guru Granth Saheb ji). It is in Dasam Granth, which is a separate
Granth (holy book) containing writings of Guru Gobind Singh ji only.
o This bani has 199 verses, which are written on the first ten pages of Dasam Granth.
o This bani is recited in the morning, before starting the daily routine, after Japji Saheb.
o Written by Guru Gobind Singh ji
o This bani is not in the Adi Granth (Guru Granth Saheb ji). It is in Dasam Granth.
o This bani has 10 verses, four lines each.
o This bani is recited in the morning, before starting the daily routine, after Jaap Saheb.
o A collection of nine hymns, four of which are written by Guru Nanak Dev ji, three by Guru Ram Das ji, and two by Guru Arjan Dev ji. These hymns follow Japji Saheb in the Adi Granth.
o Also includes Chopyee Saheb, one swayya, and one dohera by Guru Gobind Singh ji, six paurees of Anand Saheb (first five + the last) written by Guru Amar Das ji, and two hymns by Guru Arjan Dev ji.
o This bani is recited in the evening at sunset.
o A collection of five hymns, first three by Guru Nanak Dev ji, fourth by Guru Ram Das ji, and the last hymn is written by Guru Arjan Dev ji.
o All five hymns are from Adi Granth – Guru Granth Saheb ji.
o This bani is recited immediately before going to bed at night and also at funerals
THOUGHT FOR THE DAY
JIN PAT ANDAR BAHAR GUDAR TE BHALE SANSAAR (SGGS-Asa Di Waar)
[Those who are rich at heart (with virtues) and poor (simple) outwardly, are the good people in the World. ]